Summary: Climate change with its associated environment and socio-economic impacts constitute one of the most serious problems facing humanity today. Government should invest more in low-carbon fuels and renewable energy in Nigeria. An example is switching off appliances when not in use. In this post, we examine the roles of both renewable energy and energy efficiency as solutions to climate change impacts in Nigeria. Lower rainfall in the north, for example, reduces the availability of trees and biomass for #FNS2020: Solutions to Nigeria’s Climate Change Issues, by Covenant University, AFAN, NAERLS,... #FNS2020: ‘Show Young Nigerians Where the Money Is, They Will Follow’ – Stakeholders Call for More Youth Involvement in Agriculture, #FNS2020: ‘You Fly Blind Without Data’ – Professor, Experts Explain How Data, Tech Can Change Nigeria’s Agriculture, Nasarawa Distributes Fertiliser to LGAs to Ramp Up Food Production, AFAN Unveils Registration Platform for Famers Following 9PSB Breakthrough, How Africa Can Leverage Free Trade Area – Adesina, Others. The Climate Apartheid: How Global Warming Affects the Rich and Poor A trip to Lagos, Nigeria to investigate the social consequences of climate change Do the Wave. Desertification, when fertile land becomes barren desert, affects as much as 60% of Nigeria’s land, exacerbated by drought and climate change. For your research project (both under-graduate and post-graduate), term-paper, report, or article; kindly call Thompson – 0703 022 8325. This year’s edition of the Summit, which was themed: Agribusiness: Leading Nigeria’s Recovery, was held on Tuesday and Wednesday, December 1st and 2nd, 2020. The term ‘renewable energies’ refers to energy sources that are regularly replenished by natural processes; hence, are in endless supply. 1. According to the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the world must cut its carbon dioxide emissions to net zero by 2050 in order to prevent global warming of 1.5°C, or likely more, above pre-industrial levels. Loss of vegetation will in turn lead to the encroachment of the desert in many parts of northern Nigeria. In order to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, there is the need to harness renewable energies like the solar, wind and  geothermal energies to replace the present day burning of fossil fuel energy for lighting, heating, cooling, manufacturing, cooking, transport, entertainment, etc. their rate of use does not affect their availability in future); and they are clean and pollution-free. Nigeria is recognized as a fossil fuel-dependent economy with a large climate-sensitive agricultural sector; therefore, the development of a climate change policy and response strategy is critical. Share on Twitter. Climate change results from human activities that cause emission of greenhouse gases: (carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, methane, aldehydes, nitrous oxides, ozone, water vapour, and others). [18] Ten possibilities for staving off catastrophic climate change. The interactions between some permanent features of the earth (i.e. Such strategies might include advocacy for renewable energy, energy efficiency products, and good environmental practices. They range from education to inform and encourage behavioural change to changing location and use, preventing effects, modifying threats, and sharing loss. However, the observed variation must persist for a sufficiently long time and be statistically significant for it to be considered climate change. Coastal Erosion: Warming has caused melting of ice caps, which has led to a rise in sea level along Nigerian coastal waters. Causes and Effects of Climate Change in Nigeria, Climate Change, Conflict, and Insecurity in Nigeria, Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria, Causes and Effects of Insecurity in Northern Nigeria, Effect of Insecurity in Nigeria on Economic Development, A Major Cause of Insecurity in Nigeria: Corruption. Climate Change “Until 2030, the estimated costs $40 of climate change are around 3 percent of the continent’s GDP, or US$40 billion each year.”* Recent assessments show that Africa received only US$132 million between 2004 and 2011 from dedicated climate financing instruments to … She further reiterated the need for effective coordination of all programme activities between the federal, state and local governments. They include wind, rivers, ocean wave and tides, solar, biomass, geothermal (heat of the earth), etc. Meeting the diverse information needs of decision makers as they seek to understand and address climate change is a formidable challenge. Eni further explained, “Agriculture is a culprit and has contributed a lot to greenhouse gasses, especially in animal production. It can also be seen as the average weather in a given area over a longer period of time. Some of the effects of climate change observed in Nigeria include the following: Change in Rainfall Pattern: Reduced rainfall which would likely affect food security since our agriculture is rain-fed. “A lot of education and awareness among stakeholders, policymakers, farmers, etc. Nigeria is blessed with boundless solar radiation that can be harnessed and converted to electrical energy. Such initiatives also require new and sustained funding sources. Nigeria signed the Paris Agreement, an international deal aimed at tackling climate change. A description of a climate includes information on variable like the average temperature in different seasons; rainfall; and sunshine; as well a probability (chance) of extremes. spending (Federal Government of Nigeria, 2013). “Policy change is also important. By David Biello on November 26, 2007; Share on Facebook. Fortunately, moving beyond standard solar panels and battery-powered cars, creative solutions to climate change are being cooked up—and put into use—daily. However, if the world fails to step up climate action, continuing on our current climate trajectory could force 100 million people into extreme poverty by 2030. In Nigeria, there were an estimated 137,600 diarrhoeal deaths in children under 15 years old in the baseline period of 2008. Hence, energy efficiency products essentially help to do more work with less energy. Furthermore, it does not release GHGs into the atmosphere. Climate change By Daniel Essiet The Country Manager, HarvestPlus Nigeria, Dr Paul Ilona has warned that food inflation is going to persist as climate change continues to harm food production. Regards! The energy contained in the force of the winds can be harnessed and converted into mechanical energy for performing various tasks such as generating electricity, pumping water, grinding grain, etc. General Flooding: Climate change has caused increase in flooding in the southern part especially in the coastal regions. … Climate change solutions need to identify and exploit synergy, as well as seek to balance trade-offs, among the multiple objectives of sustainable development, disaster risk reduction and adaptation policies. This rapid review synthesises evidence on the impact of climate change in Nigeria (geographic, sectoral, demographic and security impacts) and responses to address it (i.e. Creation of awareness, mobilisation of policymakers, adoption of integrated farming techniques and increased investment in data collection are some of the critical steps Nigeria can take to reverse the current effects of climate change in the country. Modern wind turbines are being used to generate electricity in countries such as Germany, Denmark, India, China, and the United States to supplement more traditional sources of electric power. Two major advantages of renewable energy is that they are inexhaustible (i.e. UNDP Nigeria That climate change is the biggest threat facing humanity today is no longer in doubt. Stakeholders during the session moderated by Mr Richard-Mark Mbaram, Technical Adviser on Knowledge Management and Communications to the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, spoke on the topic: Climate Change and Insecurity: What to Do and When. The don also advocated for investment in data collection and building in order to change the way things are done currently. In order to minimize the negative impact of climate change on the ecosystems, water resources, socioeconomic domains, a number of adaptation measures are open to Nigeria. Carbon dioxide accounts for more than 80 percent of the pollution leading to global warming. The urgent need to address climate change has become even clearer with the release of a major report in October 2018 by the world’s leading scientific body for the assessment of climate change, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). NASA is an expert in climate and Earth science. Energy: Climate change is expected to negatively impact the already limited electrical power supply in Nigeria, through impacts on hydroelectric and thermal generation (Ebele and Emodi, 2016). For example, we can say that the climate of Nigeria is characterized by the dry and the rainy season, since for several decades this has been the trend in Nigeria. “Modern agriculture is knowledge-driven. In other words, they are sustainable natural forms of energy that can be harvested continuously and constitute a sustainable source of energy. Designing Climate Solutions is an outstanding resource." Some of the worst flooding in recent memory happened five years ago in March 2012 when 32 of Nigeria… GHGs cause the greenhouse effect because they have the tendency to absorb infrared radiation hence contributing to the warming of the lower atmosphere and earth surface. In the United States, the amount of greenhouse gas emissions has held steady since 1990–even though our economy and our population has grown. Hence, Nigeria can develop and utilize energy from the wind for electricity generation instead of burning fossil fuel. Second, we need to change the ways we do things. Otherwise, it would be considered climate variability or fluctuation. What are some pragmatic solutions to climate change in Africa? Sea level rise has brought about increased occurrence of coastal erosion in Nigeria’s coastal areas. The country is highly vulnerable to climate change and is classified as one of the ten most vulnerable countries in the world, according to the 2017 Climate Change Vulnerability Index. Mudi also listed the lack of policy continuity and consistency on the part of the government as a major challenge. These are according to stakeholders who spoke at the Adversity Mitigation Session of the just-concluded Feed Nigeria Summit 2020 organised by AgroNigeria and held at the Ladi Kwali Conference Centre, Sheraton Hotel and Towers, Abuja. Furthermore, the increase in mean ambient temperature is causing significant changes in forest and rangeland cover. Africa’s ‘Miracle berry’, ‘Tragic orchid’ lead list of new plant species... Dangote tomato company commences production in Kano. In all the reviewed climate change studies on crop production in Nigeria [6,[9] [10] [11][12][17][18][19][20][21][22], only one has used a biophysical model to … Required fields are marked *. the atmosphere, oceans, and land) determine the climatic conditions in different parts of the globe. 10 Solutions for Climate Change. Most of the energy we generate in Nigeria comes from the burning of fossil fuel (oil and gas). This is possible by using energy efficient appliances that help to reduce the energy necessary to provide services like lighting, cooling, heating, manufacturing, cooking, transport, entertainment etc. Feed Nigeria Summit, hosted annually by AgroNigeria, is famed as Nigeria’s foremost agricultural sector convocation aimed at catalyzing transformational progress for the country’s agriculture. He added that AFAN was the first to approach telecommunications giant, 9Mobile Nigeria, for the former’s inclusion in the latter’s 9mobile Payment Service Bank (9PSB) to foster digital service delivery for farmers nationwide. Furthermore, the entire continent of Africa contributes 3.5 percent. Moreover, for every kilowatt of electricity we consume, there is an equivalent emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Flood and erosion remove top soil, renders roads impassable, affect fresh water resources, threaten lives and properties, and render many people homeless. Share on Reddit. The two primary factors of flooding in Nigeria are climate change and poor urban planning. GHGs are gases that trap heat leading to global warming. This prompted this study that took a general overview of climate change impacts in Nigeria. climate change mitigation and adaptation, adaptive capacity and capacity development). That is great because we don’t have to run … There is the need for government to make provision to integrating climate change considerations into national policies and programmes. We also need to decide what to insure: the seeds, the farm, etc?”. “Extension outfits in Nigeria today are moribund. “Kano lost over 40% of wheat crop harvest last year due to unexpected massive rainfall,” he said. On tackling the scourge of insurgency and insecurity on farming practice in Nigeria, Mudi explained that the umbrella body had been engaging stakeholders in Kebbi, Katsina, Zamfara and other states on the way forward. It was validated the agreement in 2017 and has pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2030 with the condition of 45% of international support. What is Renewable Energy? [3] As scientific evidence abou… On his part, the National President of the All Farmers Association of Nigeria (AFAN), Alhaji Farouk Rabiu Mudi, decried the impact of climate change on farming. 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