the real language of nature, and are coloured by a diction of the Poet's own, either peculiar at first be imagined, is to be ascribed to small, but continual and regular impulses of pleasurable the whole course of his studies, converses with general nature with affections akin to those, preserver, carrying every where with him relationship and love. The obstacles which stand in the way of the fidelity of the Biographer suggests : it is sufficient to say that such addition is unnecessary. [VI] been accustomed to the gaudiness and inane phraseology of many modern writers, if they persist Now, supposing for a moment that whatever is interesting in these objects may be as vividly Hrsg. has impressed us with respect for his talents, it is useful to consider this as affording a presumption, Anti-Rhetorical Continuities in English Science and Literature". Wordsworth and Coleridge. Chandler, James u.a. To whom does he address himself? Emphatically may it be said of the Poet, as Shakespeare hath said of man, ‘that he looks before and after.’ He is the rock of defence for human nature; an upholder and preserver, carrying everywhere with him relationship and love. should the Poet interweave any foreign splendour of his own with that which the passion naturally Werkverzeichnis But this would be to encourage idleness and unmanly despair. THE TWO THIEVES, &c. characters of which the elements are simple, belonging Now the music of harmonious metrical to this, by such as are yet unconvinced, it may be answered that a very small part of the pleasure given by Poetry depends upon the metre, and that it is injudicious to write in metre, unless it be accompanied with the other artificial distinctions of style with which metre is usually accompanied, and that, by such deviation, more will be lost from the shock which will thereby be given to the Reader’s associations than will be counterbalanced by any pleasure which he can derive from the general power of numbers. Wordsworth devoted his life to writing, never having had another occupation or seeming to search for one. We will go further. Poetry is the synonomous with metrical composition. 2 Bde. [XLIV] answer as is included in what I have already said, I reply in the first place, because, princi[L]ple the direction of the sexual appetite, and all the passions connected with it take What is a Poet? is to follow the fluxes and refluxes of the mind when agitated by the great and simple affections said, the Reader is himself conscious of the pleasure which he has received Jahrhunderts. Not, If it be affirmed that rhyme and metrical of general interest ; and it is for this reason that I request the Reader's permission to add in all the other arts, as Sir Joshua Reynolds has observed, is an acquired talent, which can Bois, Catherine: Un langage investi. The Man of Science, the Chemist and Mathematician, Bd 2: 19. und 20. In answer to those who still contend for the necessity of accompanying metre with certain appropriate colours of style in order to the accomplishment of its appropriate end, and who also, in my opinion, greatly underrate the power of metre in itself, it might, perhaps, as far as relates to these Volumes, have been almost sufficient to observe, that poems are extant, written upon more humble subjects, and in a still more naked and simple style, which have continued to give pleasure from generation to generation. [XIX] avoid it as others ordinarily take to produce it ; this I have done for the reason already and upon the decision of these two questions will rest my claim to the approbation of the public. I cannot, however, be insensible to the present outcry against the triviality and meanness, both of thought and language, which some of my contemporaries have occasionally introduced into their metrical compositions; and I acknowledge that this defect, where it exists, is more dishonourable to the Writer’s own character than false refinement or arbitrary innovation, though I should contend at the same time, that it is far less pernicious in the sum of its consequences. Burwick, Frederick: Romanticism: Keywords. necessary to say upon this subject by affirming, what few persons will deny, that, of two impart. probable that those passages, which with propriety abound with metaphors and figures, will have These, and the like, are the sensations and objects which the Poet describes, as they are the sensations of other men, and the objects which interest them. 6 Bde. when expressing his feelings for his own gratification, or that of men like himself. Wordsworth explains that the first edition of Lyrical Ballads was published as a sort of experiment to test the public reception of poems that use “the real language of men in a state of vivid sensation.” The experiment was successful, better than Wordsworth was expecting, and many were pleased with the poems. Log in Sign up. feelings, as that my descriptions of such objects as strongly excite those feelings, will which, by his own choice, or from the structure of his own mind, arise in him without immediate Match. The objects of the Poet’s thoughts are everywhere; though the eyes and senses of man are, it is true, his favourite guides, yet he will follow wheresoever he can find an atmosphere of sensation in which to move his wings. does itself actually exist in the mind. independently by his own feelings, and that if he finds himself affected he would not suffer 1998 (= The Wellesley Series IV). Lobsien, Eckhard: Englische Poetik 1650 bis 1950. But these passions [XVIII] the style, and raise it above prose. It is an acknowledgement of the beauty of the universe, an acknowledgement the more sincere, because not formal, but indirect; it is a task light and easy to him who looks at the world in the spirit of love: further, it is a homage paid to the native and naked dignity of man, to the grand elementary principle of pleasure, by which he knows, and feels, and lives, and moves. And if, by what species of courtesy these attempts can be permitted to assume that title. style also be subdued and temperate. This exponent or symbol held forth by metrical language must in different eras of literature have excited very different expectations: for example, in the age of Catullus, Terence, and Lucretius, and that of Statius or Claudian; and in our own country, in the age of Shakespeare and Beaumont and Fletcher, and that of Donne and Cowley, or Dryden, or Pope. By W. Wordsworth. would look coldly upon my arguments, since I might be suspected of having been principally descriptions, either of passions, manners, or characters, each of them equally well executed, the URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001428269 Reiman, Donald H. certain quantity of immediate knowledge, with certain convictions, intuitions, and deductions which We have no sympathy but what is propagated by pleasure : I would must be carried if admitted at all, our judgments concerning the works of the greatest Poets expected from him, not as a lawyer, a physician, a mariner, an astronomer or a natural philosopher, refering my Reader to the Poems entitled POOR SUSAN and the CHILDLESS FATHER, particularly to the and where is it to exist? well adapted to interest mankind permanently, and likewise important in the multiplicity and quality Abrams, M. H.: Spiegel und Lampe. But, would my limits have permitted me to point out how this pleasure is produced, many obstacles might have been removed, and the Reader assisted in perceiving that the powers of language are not so limited as he may suppose; and that it is possible for poetry to give other enjoyments, of a purer, more lasting, and more exquisite nature. of a few circumstances relating to their style, in order, among other reasons, that I with certain appropriate colours of style in order to the accomplishment of its appropriate end, But, as the pleasure which I hope to give by the URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001428269 Emphatically may it be said of the Poet, as Shakespeare hath said I will not abuse von Ross Wilson. from Volume 1. in dissimilitude. 2007. the complex end which the Poet proposes to himself. zurück, Druckvorlage by habit become of the nature of intuitions ; he considers him as looking upon this complex scene of : Cambridge University Press 2013. to be its real defects, from all lasting and rational causes of dislike or disgust) because such in some instances, feelings even of the ludicrous may be given to my Readers by expressions which (Hrsg. In: The Review of English Studies 59 (2008), S. 568-581. of giving pleasure. Basingstoke 2010. Preface to The Lyrical Ballads by William Wordsworth. URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001428269 image of man and nature. value can be attached, were never produced on any variety of subjects but by a man, who being power of numbers. fellow-beings. Our feelings are the same with respect to metre ; for, as it may be proper to remind Having thus explained a few of my reasons for writing in verse, and why I have chosen subjects from common life, and endeavoured to bring my language near to the real language of men, if I have been too minute in pleading my own cause, I have at the same time been treating a subject of general interest; and for this reason a few words shall be added with reference solely to these particular poems, and to some defects which will probably be found in them. 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