“Pan” means “all,” so a pandemic is affecting all the people. The term epidemic (from the Greek epi [on] plus demos [people]), first used by Homer, took its medical meaning when Hippocrates used it as the title of one of his famous treatises. The word epidemic is older than pandemic and it is thought that the word pandemic was modeled after epidemic. PIMSLEUR® is a registered trademark of Beverly Pimsleur, used by Simon & Schuster under exclusive license. Anyway back to vaccine! First recorded in the 1660s, this word comes from the Latin word pandemus, which itself comes from the Greek pandemos, pan- meaning “all, every, whole,” derived from PIE pant- meaning “all,” and dēmos, meaning “people.”  You’ll recognize dēmos, in words like demotic, which refers to the language of the common people. "A pandemic is when an epidemic spreads between countries," says David Jones, MD, PhD, a professor of the culture of medicine at Harvard University. From Old French plage, via Latin plaga meaning “wound,” and plangere, meaning, “to strike, or lament.”  Or from the Greek, plaga, meaning, “blow,” as in a hit or strike. I hope that learning about these words helps you too. Some of the largest pandemics in history include the bubonic plague in the 14th century and the Spanish influenza of the early 20th century. An epidemicdisease is one “affecting many persons at the same time, and spreading from person to person in a locality where the disease is not permanently prevalent.” The World Health Organization (WHO) further specifies epidemicas occurring at the level of a region or community. An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi "upon or above" and δῆμος demos "people") is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. Required fields are marked *, For 24/7 customer service The pandemic vocabulary. c. 1600, "common to or affecting a whole people," originally and usually, though not etymologically, in reference to diseases, from French épidémique , from épidemié "an epidemic disease," from Medieval Latin epidemia , from Greek epidemia "a stay in a place; prevalence of an epidemic disease" (especially the plague), from epi "among, upon" (see epi- ) + dēmos "people, district" (see … Example sentences containing epidemic pandemic Pertaining to all; human; hence, sensual; not spiritual. Compare Late Latin pandēmus (“affecting all the people, general, public”). In my etymology posts, you’ll sometimes see me refer to PIE, and although that does resemble one of my favorite desserts, in this case, it stands for Proto Indo European, which is a theoretical language that was created using linguistic reconstruction. pandemic - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. At this point in the news cycle, it may be prudent to define "flu epidemic" and its far scarier sibling, "flu pandemic." Many health issues provide stimulus for lessons in economics, privacy vs. public health concerns, illegal vs. legal transport of goods and medicines, laws and ethics. Endemic, Epidemic or Pandemic? The Origins and Definition of Pandemic Related Words. This time on Word Nerd, I wanted to explore the origins of some of the words we’ve been hearing in the news during this unprecedented time on our planet. The epidemiological term, pandemic is applied to an outbreak of disease that has spread across the globe, or in other words, an epidemic that has crossed many regions, borders and multiple continents. “-demic” comes from the Greek word “dēmos,” which means “people.”. The -ic part of pandemic is a word-forming element from Middle English -ick, – ike, or -ique, that’s used for making adjectives. I used to think etymology — study of the roots of words — was an arid subject. Since it was likely to have been spoken in Neolithic times, no one has ever heard anyone speaking PIE, yet its roots can be heard in the words we use every day. Etymology of Endemic The origin of Endemic refers to the Greek word Endēmios and French words Endémique (17th century). During the Black Plague of the mid 1300s, Venice established a 30-day isolation, or in Italian, trenta giorni or, trentino on all ships attempting to make port in order to assure that no one on board was infected. (adj.) See also epidemic … Dictionary of problem words and expressions. I have most certainly used a very large amount of PIE root words in writing this paragraph. Holiday Zoom Backgrounds From Around the World, Let’s Party! Are you wondering about what is the difference between epidemic and pandemic? From French épidémique, from épidémie, from Latin epidemia, from Ancient Greek ἐπιδήμιος (epidḗmios), from ἐπί (epí, “upon”) + δῆμος (dêmos, “people”). The following is a breakdown of these concepts in layman’s terms. Origins of Epidemic and Pandemic Epidemic, which may be traced to the Greek epidḗmios (“within the country, among the people, prevalent (of a disease)”), may carry broader meanings, such as “excessively prevalent,” “contagious,” or “characterized by very widespread growth or extent” (often used in a non-medical sense). c.1600, from Fr. ? A pandemic affects a higher number of people and can be more deadly than an epidemic. Widespread endemic diseases with a stable number of infected people such as recurrences of seasonal influenzaare generally excluded as they occur simultaneously in large regions of the globe rat… It was observed that milkmaids, due to having been exposed to a similar but much less deadly infection called cowpox, had developed an immunity to smallpox. First recorded in English in the late 14th century, this word comes to us from the Latin, virus, meaning, “poison, sap of plants, slimy liquid, a potent juice,” from Proto-Italic weis-o-(s-) meaning, “poison,” itself likely from the PIE root ueis-, meaning “slime, rot, strong smell, poison.”  You can find the root ueis- in words like viscous and viscosity. A pandemic is an epidemic that has spread to … So, if an epidemic has not reached a global level, it would still remain an epidemic and if you need to call an outbreak pandemic, it is a … Incidentally, the English word cow is a very old word dating back to the PIE root gwou- and is pretty much the same in all Germanic languages. The word wasn’t used in reference to other diseases until Louis Pasteur (mentioned above) started doing so. Louis Pasteur, famous for his breakthroughs in the creation of the rabies vaccine, speculated that viruses existed, but the observation of a virus by microscope wouldn’t happen until 36 years after his death, when the electron microscope was invented in 1931. The earliest meaning of a pandemic was not in reference to a disease-category, but in the sense of “pertaining to all people; public, common”. A pandemic disease; a disease that hits a wide geographical area and affects a large proportion of the population. It means, “being, made of, caused by, similar to, having to do with, having the nature of.” It comes from French -ique, from Latin -icus, and Greek -ikos, all of which come from the PIE suffix - (i)ko. A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν, pan, "all" and δῆμος, demos, "people") is an epidemic of an infectious disease that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple continents or worldwide, affecting a substantial number of people. The Capitalism Virus — Etymology of an Epidemic in India — by Amulya Anita Gurumurthy — July 29, 2020 Five months into the pandemic, it is evident that the government is … All of these words come from the PIE root plak- (2), meaning “to strike.”. The word vacca, in Latin, means “cow” and no one is sure of its origin. The word dēmos actually comes from the PIE roots da- and mo- which together mean “division.”  Thus this word implies a division between the common people and the elite. This guide focuses on the current news: an outbreak of mumps in the Midwest and the spread of the H5N1 strain of the influenza virus. When the virus spread to other countries in 2020, however, the epidemic became a pandemic. Indo-European is a large family of languages, spoken by about half the world’s population including English, Spanish, German, Russian, Greek, Latin, Armenian, Albanian, Lithuanian, Persian, Hindi, and Hittite. Similar Words. You’ll find this root in words like plankton, complain, and apoplexy. n pandemic A pandemic disease. It forms all or part of: betide; daimon; Damocles; deal (v.); deal (n.1) "part, portion;" demagogue; demiurge; democracy; demography; demon; demotic; dole; endemic; epidemic; eudaemonic; geodesic; geodesy; ordeal; pandemic; pandemonium; tidal; tide (n.) "rise and fall of the sea;" tidings; tidy; time; zeitgeist. In many European and Scandinavian countries, currency is often referred to as crowns, or kroner due to the habit of imprinting the current monarch on the coins. and to order by phone. Some linguists think it’s from the PIE root dhegh-, meaning “burn.”  Others speculate it comes from an old Sanskrit word element bhur-, meaning “to be restless.”. épidémique, from épidemié an epidemic disease, from M.L. A pandemic spreads wider and affects more people. Believe it or not, this word actually relates to cows! pandemic (adj.) In terms of an epidemic vs pandemic, there are a few things to be aware of. pandemic — [[t]pænde̱mɪk[/t]] pandemics N COUNT A pandemic is an occurrence of a disease that affects many people over a very wide area. *dā-, Proto-Indo-European root meaning "to divide.". The word comes from a PIE root sker- (2) or ker-, which means “to turn, or bend.”  You’ll recognize this root in words like circle, circumference. Common Spanish Phrases for Your Next Fiesta, Get Into the Spirit With These Unique Latin American Holiday Traditions. Epidemic VS Pandemic. I hope this journey through language, geography, science, and history was a welcome break from the news. “Epidemic” has been used in English as an adjective since 1603 and as a noun since 1757. of diseases, "incident to a whole people or region," 1660s, from Late Latin pandemus, from Greek pandemos "pertaining to all people; public, common," from pan- "all" (see pan-) + dēmos "people" (see demotic). Pandemic is a pretty fun and challenging board game as well and might be worth checking out for something to do during social distancing. I find that writing and researching words helps me stay grounded and reminds me of the connections we have through the words and languages we share. 2 entries found. The Latin name for the cowpox virus is variolae vaccinae, which comes from Latin, vaccinus, meaning, “from or pertaining to cows.”. A pandemic is just an epidemic that has spread wide enough to affect (or potentially affect) every community in the world. Its use as a period of isolation not necessarily related to disease was first recorded in the 1520s and stood for the length of time in which a widow had the right to stay in her husband’s house after his death, which was forty days. Don’t worry, I’ll explain. Digital products purchased from this site are sold by Simon & Schuster Digital Sales Inc. Modeled on epidemic; OED reports that it is "Distinguished from epidemic, which may connote limitation to a smaller area." Widespread; general. Pandemic suggests universal, widespread, and general : Fear of atomic warfare is pandemic. The term “a pandemic … epidemic (adj.) An epidemic disease is generally contagious, spreads quickly, and afflicts large number of people or animals. epi )) + demos people, district (see… A pandemic may be defined as a type of epidemic, but not every epidemic is a pandemic. From Latin quadraginta, meaning, “forty” and quattuor, meaning, “four,” and further back from the PIE root kwetwer- also meaning, “four.”. © & ℗ 2011 - 2020 Simon & Schuster, Inc. Pimsleur® is an imprint of Simon & Schuster Audio, a division of Simon & Schuster, Inc. All rights reserved. The two words are used in ways that overlap, but in general usage a pandemic is an epidemic … #3 . Etymology. Its use as a noun to describe something that causes infectious disease was first used in 1728. It is the hypothetical source of/evidence for its existence is provided by: Sanskrit dati "cuts, divides;" Greek dēmos "people, land," perhaps literally "division of society," daiesthai "to divide;" Old Irish dam "troop, company;" Old English tid "point or portion of time," German Zeit "time. “Epi” in “epidemic” means “among” or “upon,” so "epidemic" means "among the people." This word comes from Old English fefor, or fefer, which is from the Latin febris and is related to another Latin word fovere meaning “to warm, or heat.”  There is some debate on the origin of febris or foever. Related: Pandemia. pandemic | Search Online Etymology Dictionary. Corona virus disease is an epidemic disease that started from a small part of China. Smallpox was a very big problem for humans prior to around 1800. of diseases, "incident to a whole people or region," 1660s, from Late Latin pandemus, from Greek pandemos "pertaining to all people; public, common," from pan- "all" (see pan-) + dēmos "people" (see demotic ). It can also lead to more social disruption, economic loss, and general hardship on a … From Ancient Greek πάνδημος (pándēmos, “of or belonging to all the people, public”) + English -ic (suffix forming adjectives from nouns with the sense ‘of or pertaining to’). The noun, "a pandemic disease," is recorded by 1853, from the adjective. epidemia, from Gk. PIE is fascinating because it is essentially an ancestral language that links many modern languages spoken today. Flu (spelled originally as flue, as seen above) excises the second syllable of the word. Stay safe out there, readers. A widespread endemic disease with a stable number of infected people is not a pandemic. British physician Edward Jenner accidentally invented the vaccine by injecting people with the cowpox virus, or vaccinae, making them immune to smallpox as well. Finally, there’s “pandemic”, where the Greek pan means “common, all”. Late Latin (LL) pandemic. From all these it finally disappeared about 1680, at the close of a period of pandemic prevalence; In short, if we regard the history of this disease as a whole, it appears to have lost such power from the time of the Great Plague of London in 1665, which was part of a pandemic wave, until the present day. πάνδημος is derived from παν- (pan-, prefix meaning ‘all, every’) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peh₂- (“to protect, shepherd”)) + δῆμος (dêmos, “the common people; free citizens, sovereign people”) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *deh₂- (“to divide, share”)). Related words - epidemic synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. A pandemic disease is an epidemic disease that spread over a wide area, an entire country, or … The -ic part of pandemic is a word-forming element from Middle English -ick, –ike, or -ique, that’s used for making adjectives. Its use as a verb was first recorded in 1804. English (eng) (medicine) Epidemic over a wide geographical area and affecting a large proportion of the population.. Meaning of epidemic with illustrations and photos. ". Your email address will not be published. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the first known influenza pandemic struck in 1580. epidemia prevalence of an epidemic disease (especially the plague), from epi among, upon (see EPI (Cf. "The related word epidemic comes from roots that mean 'on or upon the people.' Your email address will not be published. This suffix is thought to be the origin of the Slavic suffix -sky, Polish -ski, and Russian -skii and means “pertaining to.” You’ll recognize this suffix in many Slavic names, like for example my dear sweet friend Jenn Sutkowski’s name. Surface analysis epi- (“on”) +‎ demic (“of the people”) . It means, “being, made of, caused by, similar to, having to do with, having the nature of.”  It comes from French -ique, from Latin -icus, and Greek -ikos, all of which come from the PIE suffix -(i)ko. Pandemic — A pandemic (from Greek παν pan all + δήμος demos people) is an epidemic of infectious disease that spreads through human populations across a large region; for instance a continent, or even worldwide.DefinitionAccording to the World Health… … Pronunciation of epidemic and its etymology. Ancient Greek (grc) pandemus. Smallpox was a very large amount of PIE root plak- ( 2 ), epi. Customer service and to order by phone first known influenza pandemic struck in 1580 be defined as type. 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